Obesity is a disease where your body accumulates excessive body due to an unhealthy lifestyle and eating habits. Studies show that about 42.4% of Americans are obese. Obesity is not just a cosmetic concern, but it can cause various health problems as well. The health conditions caused by obesity can deteriorate significant organs and even cause health failure, leading to death. The best way to treat obesity is to follow a healthy lifestyle that includes a balanced diet and exercise.
Here are six harmful effects of obesity that you need to be aware of:
1. Neurological diseases
Being obese significantly increases the risk of stroke and heart disease as your blood pressure and LDL cholesterol increase. Studies show that overweight people are 32 percent more at risk of coronary artery disease than normal-weight people.
2. Type-2 diabetes
Being overweight can accumulate fat cells in your body. These fat cells, especially the ones around the waist, secrete hormones that boost inflammation. This inflammation, when it happens in a limited amount, helps in healing. However, inappropriate inflammation reduces the body’s response to insulin, leading to diabetes. Type-2 diabetes is one of the most common health conditions caused by obesity, and it is more common among obese women.
3. Musculoskeletal disorders
The excess weight puts additional strain on your muscles, joints, and bones, which causes further problems. Musculoskeletal diseases like Osteoarthritis knee replacements are associated with obesity. Obesity is also seen to increase the risks of fractures and other muscle injuries.
4. Digestive issues
Obesity can increase your risk of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, and gallstones. All these diseases can cause severe abdominal pain and even require surgeries as treatment.
The association of cancer is not as direct as diabetes. However, several studies show obese people are more prone to various cancers, including breast, colon and rectum, endometrium, esophagus, kidney, ovary, and pancreatic cancer. Again, the culprit is the inflammation process that is damaged due to the excessive visceral fat in your body.
6. Mental health
It is true that obesity or being overweight significantly damages your physiological processes. However, obesity affects your mental health as well. Being obese causes various psychological problems such as low self-esteem and confidence. It also deteriorates the quality of life of an individual. And such physiological issues can turn into depression and anxiety over time.
BMI (Body Mass Index)
BMI is the measure of your body fat per your height and weight. It is a pretty accurate way to gauge whether you are obese or not. A person is obese if their BMI is over 30. However, it is not an accurate measure sometimes, such as athletes, as they have very high muscle mass.
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